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St Anne's Veterinary Group Blog

» Junior Cat Lifestage

The junior life stage is 7 months to 2 years old and in human years that equates to 12-24 years old.

In this stage your cat would have either been neutered or are going to be neutered, remember once they have been castrated or spayed they are prone to putting on weight so it is important to keep an eye on their weight. You may have to reduce their food intake accordingly, there are neutered cat diets available and this should reduce the risk of obesity. This is a good time to also start thinking about home dental care, starting them at an early age and getting into a routine will help prevent dental disease. It should also mean the need for dental surgery earlier on in life should be reduced. Many dentals are needed by the time your cat is 4 years old, looking after your cat’s teeth at home will reduce this. Your cat may start venturing out into the big wide world, if they are please make sure they are neutered, chipped, vaccinated and up to date with their flea and worming treatment. You don’t want unwanted litters from your female cat and straying from either sex.

The first time they are going outside try going out in the garden with them and leave the door open so they can run straight back inside. Have a pot of treats that rattles and shake it until they come back and give them a treat to reward them for coming back. This usually works well for food orientated cats.

Vaccination is very important to reduce the spread of diseases, if vaccinated they would be covered against these awful disease:

Feline Panleucopenia Virus: Development of a low white blood cell count – this can be spread through contact of an infected cat, bodily fluid, faeces, bedding, food dishes and fleas.

Feline Herpesvirus: This can cause upper respiratory infections for example cat flu. This can be passed through direct contact such as saliva, nasal secretions, inhalation of sneeze droplets, sharing food bowls, bedding and litter trays.

Feline Calicivirus: This also causes upper respiratory infections, gingivitis and stomatitis which can be very painful and can lead to inflammation of the whole oral cavity. It can cause joint inflammation at times. 

Feline Leukaemia Virus: This is a very serious disease and unfortunately can cause death. It can cause anaemia, immuno-suppression and can cause cancer.

 

Feline Chlamydia: This can cause conjunctivitis and can be passed through direct contact.

So please ensure your cat is fully vaccinated each year.

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