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St Anne's Veterinary Group Blog
So, last week we started speaking about vaccines and why they're so important, this week we will talk about what our vaccines cover. Whilst I'm on the subject of vaccines, this week for what must have been at least the hundredth time in my career that I was told that someone's dog didn't need a kennel cough vaccine because they never go into kennels! It is so frustrating that it was given such a misleading name. Kennel cough or Bordetella Bronchiseptica is a highly infectious organism that can spread easily from dogs that walk or play together. It's definitely worth doing and unlike normal vaccines it's not given via an injection. It is given up the nose as it has to coat the nasal mucosal passage.
So what is covered in a normal dog vaccine?
Parvoviris- This awful virus causes severe gastroenteritis, the vomiting and diarrhoea can lead to dehydration and is often fatal in puppies or elderly dogs.
Canine Infectious Hepatitis (Canine Adenovirus)- This virus attacks the liver or kidneys, eyes and lungs of infected dogs. It is unfortunately often fatal, even with veterinary care. Death is usually due to respiratory failure.
Leptospirosis- This disease results in liver or kidney failure and is often fatal. One form of Leptospirosis can be passed on to humans and is caught from rats urine, this can be picked up by dogs going in water that rats may have urinated in.
Canine Distemper (also known as “hard pad”)- Fox's also transmit this disease and it is often fatal. Dogs that do survive are often left with permanent brain damage and disabilities such as deformed teeth, nervous twitches, epileptic fits and complete change in temperament.
Canine Parainfluenza- This is one of the viral agents that contributes to kennel cough. This disease is often prolonged and may last for months, even with veterinary care. Secondary infections are common and often lead to pneumonia which may be fatal.
Canine Coronavirus- This virus can cause diarrhoea which can be life threatening for the very vulnerable. It is included in St. Anne's core vaccine protocol but isn't included in some vets vaccines.
Rabies- This is usually administered when if an animal is to be exported or is travelling abroad.
It has been discovered that some vaccine's last longer than others and so dogs aren't vaccinated against everything every year, just the one's which fade quicker than others. The vet will decide which vaccine is best for your dog.
Next week we'll talk about cat and rabbit vaccines!
Author: Menna Field RVN MBVNABlog topics